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Need help using multiple variables within a line

usmangtusmangt Posts: 42
edited December 2011 in Command Line/Scripting

I have made a script which works fine. But when i include the for loop in my script in give errors. I know that this is an syntax error

./test.sh: line 17: ${test"$i"[0]} ${test"$i"[1]} ${test"$i"[2]} ${test"$i"[3]} ${test"$i"[4]}: bad substitution

Test1 Passed

./test.sh: line 17: ${test"$i"[0]} ${test"$i"[1]} ${test"$i"[2]} ${test"$i"[3]} ${test"$i"[4]}: bad substitution

Test1 Failed

./test.sh: line 17: ${test"$i"[0]} ${test"$i"[1]} ${test"$i"[2]} ${test"$i"[3]} ${test"$i"[4]}: bad substitution

Here is my script

#!/bin/bash

pre_result1=( 12.00 1.28 )
pre_result2=( 2.92 12.00 )
pre_result3=( 2.92 12.00 )
#pre_result3=12

test1=( s 3 3 4 5 )
test2=( p 2 5 7 )
test3=( r 2 5 7 )

for (( i=1; i<=3; i++ ))

do


./testelectronic <<< "${test"$i"[0]} ${test"$i"[1]} ${test"$i"[2]} ${test"$i"[3]} ${test"$i"[4]}" > test"$i".txt
#extracting required lines from file
result1=`head -n 6 test"$i".txt | tail -n 1`
result2=`tail -1 test"$i".txt`
#printing for testing purpose
#echo $result1
#echo $result2

#extracting required values from lines
#compare=result1 | awk '{print $NF}'
echo $result1 | awk '{print $NF}' > result1.txt
echo $result2 | awk '{print $NF}' > result2.txt


val1=0
val2=0
FILENAME="result1.txt"
while read line
do
val1=$line
done < $FILENAME

FILENAME="result2.txt"
while read line
do
val2=$line
done < $FILENAME

#printing for testing purpose
#echo $val1
#echo $val2



if [ "$val1" == "${pre_result1[0]}" ] && [ "$val2" == "${pre_result1[1]}" ]
then
echo "Test1 Passed"

else
echo "Test1 Failed"

fi

done


I Google for this and found an example and i use like this

./testelectronic &lt;&lt;&lt; &quot;${test[$i][0]} ${test[$i][1]} ${test[$i][2]} ${test[$i][3]} ${test[$i][4]}&quot; &gt; test$i.txt

It remove the error but now this line do not take parameters correctly.

Kindly help

Thanks in advance

usmangt

Comments

  • mfillpotmfillpot Posts: 2,180
    It appears that the issue may be the fact that you are trying to dynamically define the variable names within your script, which is a more complex function. I recommend checking out the post at http://www.humbug.in/2010/bash-tricks-create-variables-dynamically-using-some-eval-magic/ which will point you in the right direction.
  • marcmarc Posts: 647
    Your problem is that you are not correctly quoting.
    ./testelectronic <<< "${test"$i"[0]} ${test"$i"[1]} ${test"$i"[2]} ${test"$i"[3]} ${test"$i"[4]}" > test"$i".txt
    

    This is just a big mess. Quoting doesn't work as "()" or "{}" do in C or many other languages.

    Try with
    ./testelectronic <<< "${test$i[0]}" "${test$i[1]}" "${test$i[2]}" "${test$i[3]}" "${test$i[4]}" > "test$i".txt
    

    The "solution" you found:
    ./testelectronic <<< "${test[$i][0]} ${test[$i][1]} ${test[$i][2]} ${test[$i][3]} ${test[$i][4]}" > test$i.txt
    

    Seems to work but what this is doing is giving "./testelectronic" only one argument (which is what's within the quotes). That's why your line is not taking the parameters correctly.
  • If possible eventually you can get into writing php scripts instead bash scripts.

    Bash lacks integrity in its language, sometimes it appears too restrictive, and too discrete.

    PHP will brings you that integrity, and superior control. And bash scripts in PHP is also a too good choice.
  • mfillpotmfillpot Posts: 2,180
    The OP was asking about fixing their bash script, what does PHP have to do with the request?
  • marcmarc Posts: 647
    Kiran your reply doesn't make much sense. What if I say to do this in C because it's faster? come on!

    Anyway, I'm wating for the OP to say if the solution worked or not :)

    Regards
  • usmangtusmangt Posts: 42
    edited January 2012
    Hi,

    I have tried the syntax but it still giving me error of bad subsitution.
    #!/bin/bash 
    
    pre_result1=( 12.00 1.28 )
    pre_result2=( 2.92 12.00 )
    pre_result3=( 2.92 12.00 )
    
    test1=( s 3 3 4 5 )
    test2=( p 2 5 7 )
    test3=( r 2 5 7 )
    
    for i in 1 2 3
    
    do
    
    ./testelectronic <<< "${test$i[0]}" "${test$i[1]}" "${test$i[2]}" "${test$i[3]}" "${test$i[4]}" > "test$i".txt
    
    result1=`head -n 6 test"$i".txt | tail -n 1`
    result2=`tail -1 test"$i".txt`
    
    echo $result1 | awk '{print $NF}' > result1.txt
    echo $result2 | awk '{print $NF}' > result2.txt
    
    
    val1=0
    val2=0
    FILENAME="result1.txt"
    while read line
    do
    val1=$line
    done < $FILENAME
    
    FILENAME="result2.txt"
    while read line
    do
    val2=$line
    done < $FILENAME
    
    if [ "$val1" == "${pre_result$i[0]}" ] &&  [ "$val2" == "${pre_result$i[1]}" ] 
    then
    	echo "Test$i Passed"
    
    else 
    	echo "Test$i Failed"
    
    fi
    
    done
    


    Thank you

    usmangt
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