Welcome to the new Linux Foundation Forum!

How to Configure PPP for dialup for single machine

I shall explain how to setup PPP on your Linux machine, so that you can connect to the Internet using an external modem and a Dialup connection. This article explains the setup for the superuser alone (Not normal users).My Setup :


My external modem (56kbps) is connected to the Serial Port : ttyS1 (This is COM2 Port under Windows)
My ISP (Internet Service Provider) servers send me the following strings for logging in whenever I connect to their servers,
“Login” & “Password“. These exact strings need to be known since they have to be entered in the scripts later on.Other ISP’s may send strings such as “User” and “Pass” or something else. Please note down the strings that you receive when you connect to your ISP. If needed contact your ISP’s helpdesk.
Every ISP has generally 2 DNS entries. Actually one is enough but the other one is for backup. This differs for each ISP. For my ISP the DNS entries are ‘202.68.128.66? and ‘202.68.128.67?.
You have find out your ISP’s DNS addresses. My service provider is named powersurfer.net (This exact name is also required to be entered in one configuration file).


Procedure :


Copy the 2 files ppp-on & ppp-off from the /usr/doc/ppp2.3.10/scripts (exact directory depends on the installation & distribution on your system) to the folder /usr/bin
You would have to execute these files whenever you want to connect and disconnect from the Internet once the setup is complete. Hence these scripts should have executable rights.
Edit the ppp-on script that you have just copied and make the following changes
Change the telephone no. , username and password to your username, password and your ISP telephone no.
Copy the file ppp-on-dialer file from the /usr/doc/ppp2.3.10/scripts to the folder/etc/ppp
Edit this file to make the following changes
- Change the connection strings to “ogin” and “assword” (These should be the strings that your ISP sends you when you connect to your ISP, excluding the first letters in both these strings)
- Change the timeout period (Start of dialing to establishing of final connection) to a sensible value depending on your experience. I have set it to 120 seconds which is substantially more than what is required.
- Add an extra line after the existing ATZ command. This is to mute the modem once the connection has been made. Else you will hear the signal transfer noises continuously as long as you are connected. (Atleast I heard the sound on mine)OKATM1\
- Towards the end of the script make a change as follows.. enter your modem port and max speed in the parameters to the chat script. For me it is as follows
/dev/ttyS1 115200

Now edit the /etc/resolv.conf file to show the following
search powersurfer.net
nameserver 202.68.128.66
nameserver 202.68.128.67
These lines totally depend on your ISP, so please fill it accordingly.


Now the last step is to edit the /etc/ppp/options file and add the following lines. These settings are used whenever a net connection is established on your machine. If you want to know the meaning of each line you can refer to the PPP-How To documentation. There is a sample script with a description for each of these values. I have only selected those values that would be necessary for a normal dial up Internet connection. These should suffice for most dialup users.-detach
/dev/ttyS1
lock
crtscts
defaultroute
asyncmap 0
mtu 1500
Note : This article explains the settings that should be enough for you to connect to the Internet, through the superuser account. For accessing the Internet from user accounts, a few more settings are required. I shall explain those in another tutorial. Though I have heard of a few experiences where even a normal user types ’su’ in a shell window and changes to the superuser mode (this is for home machines where you are both the superuser and the normal user). Once you changed to superuser mode, you might be able to execute ppp-on and ppp-off scripts. This hasn’t really worked at my place, but I have heard quite a few people doing this. I prefer using kppp to do all the work for me.


Comments

  • Maybe you shouldn't give the exact IP addresses of your ISP's DNSes. Overall, decent procedure in setting up ppp on a linux distro to connect the internet. Do these procedures work with all kinds of modems, or is their a modem compatibility list we should check?
  • This would also be better if you blogged about this on the site?
  • Goineasy9Goineasy9 Posts: 1,116
    I would really worry about the nameservers, they're not really kept secret. I've used dialup up until very recently, the procedure is interesting, but seems to be what I had to do years ago. With the advent of network manager I now enter name, phone & password and the job is done. Even wvdial seems like a lot of work now.
  • I never had to setup dialup, been using broadband all my life. That last I used dialup was back in the late 90's. My father was the one who set it up, I just watched.
  • gomergomer Posts: 158
    Wow, this brings me back ... The last time I configured *nix for dial up was on my old Sun Sparc SLC w/ an external SCSI disk running SunOS 4.1.3 using chat, tip, and pppd.

    memmories ......
Sign In or Register to comment.